Coming home on a cold evening to inviting smells of food from your slow cooker or “crock pot” makes us all feel so good. With food cooking at lower temperatures it is important to follow some food safety tips to ensure your food is safe to eat.
Using your slow cooker:
· Always start with clean hands and clean equipment and utensils.
· Always thaw meat or poultry before putting it in the slow cooker. Since the slow cooker uses lower temperatures to eat the meat or poultry could be in the temperature danger zone too long if frozen when put in the cooker.
· Keep perishable foods refrigerated until you are ready to put them in the slow cooker.
· Fill the slow cooker with vegetables on the bottom as they take the longest to cook.
· Add meat or poultry and liquid to the slow cooker. It is best to cut the meat into smaller pieces.
· Heat any liquids you add as this will help ensure safety of the food not being in the temperature danger zone as long. Liquid is necessary to create steam. To ensure effective heating throughout the slow cooker the liquid level should cover the ingredients, especially when cooking meat or poultry. Follow your manufacturer’s directions and recipes as to how much liquid should be in the slow cooker, it is recommended the slow cooker be half to two-thirds full.
· Turn the slow cooker on High if possible for an hour to help reduce time in the temperature danger zone.
· Keep the lid on the slow cooker during cooking. Raising the lid drops the temperature in the slow-cooker by 10 to 15 degrees and slow the cooking process by up to 30 minutes.
· Check the temperature of meats and poultry with a food thermometer:
Roasts – 145° to 160° F
Soups, sauces, stews – 165°F
Poultry – 165°F
· Eat when temperature is correct and recipe is ready.
· Store leftovers in 2-inch high containers and refrigerate within two hours. It is not recommended to reheat leftovers in the slow-cooker, use the stove or microwave to ensure the temperature reaches 165°F.
If the power goes out when you are not home and you are using the slow-cooker throw away the food, even if it looks done. If you are home and can immediately cook the food in a different way such as a gas stove, you can finish cooking.
The slow cookers helps less expensive, leaner cuts of meat become tender and shrink less. Helping you have economical healthy meals.
Pat Brinkman is the Family and Consumer Sciences Extension Educator with Ohio State University Extension Fayette County.